SR50A Sonic Distance Sensor
Rugged acoustic distance sensor
Typically used for snow depth or water depth measurements
weather applications supported water applications supported energy applications supported gas flux and turbulence applications supported infrastructure applications supported soil applications supported

Overview

The SR50A is a rugged acoustic sensor for measuring the distance from the sensor to a target. This sensor is typically used for snow depth or water depth measurements, but it is well-suited for other uses.

Because the speed of sound in air varies with temperature, an independent temperature measurement is required to compensate the distance reading. A simple calculation is applied to initial readings for this purpose.

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Benefits and Features

  • Wide operating temperature range
  • User-selectable options for output
  • Compatible with most Campbell Scientific data loggers

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Specifications

Measurement Time < 1.0 s
Measurement Range 0.5 to 10 m (1.6 to 32.8 ft)
Output Options SDI-12 version 1.3, RS-232, RS-485 (output options selected by configuring internal jumpers)
Baud Rates 1200 to 38400 bps (RS-232, RS-485 modes)
Power Requirements 9 to 18 Vdc (typically powered by data logger’s 12 Vdc power supply)
Beam Acceptance ~30°
Resolution 0.25 mm (0.01 in.)
Accuracy ±1 cm (0.4 in.) or 0.4% of distance to target (whichever is greatest). Requires external temperature compensation.
Operating Temperature Range -45° to +50°C
Compliance CE Compliant
Length 10.1 cm (4.0 in.)
Diameter 7.5 cm (3 in.)
Cable Weight 250 g (8.2 oz) for a 4.57-m (15-ft) cable
Weight
  • 375 g (13.2 oz) without cable
  • 1.0 kg (2.2 lb)

Maximum Cable Length

-NOTE- Cable lengths greater than 60 m require a heavier gage wire if the power supply drops below 11 Vdc.
SDI-12 60 m (196.9 ft)
RS-232 30 m (98.4 ft)
Baud rates ≤ 9600 bps
RS-485 300 m (984.3 ft)

Power Consumption

Active 250 mA (typical)
Quiescent SDI-12 Mode < 1.0 mA
Quiescent RS-232/RS-485 Modes
  • < 1.25 mA (≤ 9600 bps)
  • < 2.0 mA (> 9600 bps)

Compatibility

Please note: The following shows notable compatibility information. It is not a comprehensive list of all compatible products.

Data Loggers

Compatible Note
21X (retired) SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR10 (retired) SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR1000 SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR10X (retired) SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR200X (retired) SDI-12
CR206X (retired) SDI-12
CR23X (retired) SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR295X (retired) SDI-12
CR300 SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR3000 SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR310 SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR500 (retired) SDI-12
CR5000 (retired) SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR510 (retired) SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR6 SDI-12, RS-232, and RS-485
CR800 SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR850 SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.
CR9000 (retired)
CR9000X (retired) SDI-12 and RS-232. For RS-485, requires an MD485 interface or similar RS-485 to RS-232 interface.

Additional Compatibility Information

Data Logger Considerations

One single-ended channel per probe is required; an excitation channel can be shared by several probes.

Downloads

SR50A/AT OS v.1.3 (52 KB) 22-08-2007

Current SR50A / AT firmware.
View Revision History

FAQs for

Number of FAQs related to SR50A: 17

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  1. Approximately 800 feet. This is a function of the limitations of the SDI-12 signal.

  2. No. This causes echoes and reflections that confuse the sensor.

  3. Yes. The accuracy of the sensor is 1 cm or 0.4% of distance to water (whichever is greater). As long as the water level is deeper than this, the water height can be confidently determined.

  4. This sensor requires regular maintenance in a marine environment. The SR50A-L functions properly if care is taken to keep the vent free of salt accumulation and the interior free of moisture by replacing the desiccant as needed. It may also be necessary to carefully clean the face of the sensor to remove salt deposits.

  5. Yes, but more routine maintenance of the sensor is needed in marine environments.

  6. Because the speed of sound changes with temperature, Campbell Scientific recommends using the SR50A-L in tandem with a temperature sensor for the most accurate measurements.